Följande är en gästartikel skriven av Peter R. Odell, professor emeritus i internationella energistudier vid Erasmus University i Rotterdam, Holland.
Realism over the critical issues of potential energy resources in the 21st century has become a very scarce commodity. This has emerged from a combination of three widely presented, but controversial, hypotheses, viz. first, that there is an inherent scarcity in the world’s endowment of energy resources (Campbell, 2003; Heinberg, 2003); second, that a rapid onset of global warming and climatic change will be a consequence of anthropogenically derived CO2 emissions into the atmosphere (Bossel, 1998; Meadows, 2002); and third, that a set of geopolitical constraints will inevitably inhibit the production of, and trade in, energy (Claes, 2001; Mitchell et al, 2001). Individually, each of these beliefs implies a relatively near-future requirement for moderating the current degree of dependence on carbon fuels; while, collectively, the three concerns not only enhance, but also accelerate the perceived need for a comprehensive switch to the use of alternative energy sources. The objective of this paper is, however, to demonstrate that the moves to economies and societies wholly or largely free from dependence on carbon energy are, in the real world, incapable of being achieved.
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